THE ORGANIZATION

The CTBTO serves over 180 Member States that have signed the CTBT

Standing as an international organization

Standing as an international organization

Ernst Walch (left), Minister for Foreign Affairs, Principality of Liechtenstein, deposits the instruments of Ratification of the CTBT on 22 June 2004.

The Preparatory Commission is an international organization financed by the CTBT States Signatories. Cost-effective and results-oriented, it has a strong technical focus, with some 80% of its budget allocated to the establishment of the global verification regime.

The Resolution establishing the Commission, granted it standing as an international organization, and gave it the legal authority it needed to function. This included the build-up of the verification regime and the provisional operation of it. The Commission also has the authority to negotiate and enter into international agreements.

The Commission is not part of the United Nations although it follows the UN system for international civil service. This includes practices related to administration, finance and personnel.

The Preparatory Commission has a strong technical focus,with some 80% of its budget allocated to the establishment of the global verification regime, all financed by the CTBT States Signatories.
Barbados signs CTBT on 14 January 2008. The Preparatory Commission is an international organization financed by the CTBT States Signatories.

The Commission entered into a relationship agreement with the United Nations in June 2000. This agreement brings the Commission, an independent organization with its own membership and budget, into a formal relationship with the United Nations. The agreement provides a framework for cooperation and coordination between the two organizations. Such cooperation facilitates the Commission’s task of carrying out the necessary preparations for the effective implementation of the Treaty, including the establishment of the global verification regime. The agreement also allows for the mutual exchange of information, the mutual participation in each others meetings, and eliminates the need for duplication of common services required by both (e.g. conference, translation and interpretation services).

Standing as an international organization cont.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. States that ratify the Treaty must submit their instruments of ratification to the UN Secretary-General, who is the Depositary of the CTBT.

The UN Secretary-General is the Depositary of the Treaty. This means that the Treaty is open for signature at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York. It also means that States which ratify the Treaty deposit their instruments of ratification with the UN Secretary-General who, in turn, produces the official notifications of the status of the Treaty.

Under Article XIV of the Treaty, the Secretary-General has the duty to call a Conference of the Treaty’s Ratifying States, upon the request of the majority of such States,  to consider and decide on what measures may be taken to speed up the ratification process so as to hasten the Treaty ‘s entry into force.

The Preparatory Commission has standing as an international organization and has the ability to enter into international agreements with other legal entities.
The Preparatory Commission has standing as an international organization and has the ability to enter into international agreements with other legal entities.

Other agreements have been concluded with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL), the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) and the Association of Caribbean States (ACS). 

Finally, the Preparatory Commission has the authority to enter into IMS facility agreements, which govern the activities of the Commission when establishing, maintaining and upgrading stations in various States.

Next chapter: Composition and structure